The Big Pharaoh: 06/01/2005 - 07/01/2005
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Wednesday, June 29, 2005

I always think twice before posting anything that might "hang our dirty clothes" yet I end up posting it anyway. Well, I don't think today's post is that bad because I made it clear that we were good and now we're bad and there is always a possibility to return good again. This is what encouraged me to go ahead and post today's post.

“Because of the opening”

“Offf, this is becoming unbearable” my female colleague said as she entered the room one morning.
“What’s wrong?” I asked.
“I parked my car in the parking lot across the street and I had to walk for a short distance. I couldn’t bear the comments I heard from men” she said angrily.

I looked at her and what she was wearing. She had a long sleeved blouse on and a relatively tight skirt covering her angles. There was very few flesh exposed.

“We’re almost covered up, probably their comments were on your good looks” I said laughingly.
“No, it is because of the opening” and she pulled her skirt a little bit to reveal an opening at the end of her skirt that exposed the lower parts of her white-colored legs. “They said things like: what is this?? Wow, I love the color white!” she added.

When I finished my conversation with my colleague, I recalled another conversation I had over dinner with my mom. I remember her telling me that as a young lady she and her friends used to walk in downtown Cairo wearing short skirts and cut tops.

“And did anyone look at you” I asked.
“Never, we used to even take the public bus wearing this. The people were different back in the 50s and 60s” she answered.

What happened to us? I asked myself. I know that many girls love to hear such comments on the street especially if they are not so pretty. However, others consider such comments as degrading to their femininity and something that reduces them to just a bulk of white flesh walking on a pavement. In addition, many girls would simply love to enjoy the simple freedom of wearing what they want outside their houses without enduring such comments. I believe this phenomena that didn’t exist at such a degree almost 20 years ago is a result of 2 factors: a social and an economical factor.

The social factor has to do with the introduction of fundamentalism and the usage of religion not in liberating women and empowering them but in putting all sorts of old historical unreformed rules on them. So instead of discussing the role of women in the society as the women of the 20s and the 30s did, we started to hear sermons on the compulsory hijab, women’s clothes and their menstruation cycle. As a result, the majority of girls today wear the hijab or the head cover for all sorts of reasons: personal convictions, family pressure, peer pressure, fear of being singled out, demand of a husband or a fiancé, or to escape the comments on the streets. The unveiled girls suddenly became the black chicks among the yellow ones, the different, the strangers. Boys who see veiled girls left and right cannot help but comment on this strange space alien walking a few meters away.

Many girls who want to wear tight jeans and tops yet do not want to endure such comments or be viewed as “loose” still put a veil on and tie it backwards in a way that I see rather attractive! The girls in those “modern hijabs” might still get a comment or two on the street, but they’re definitely much more safer than their “naked head” counterparts. In addition, many boys would love to comment on the buttocks in front of them that are moving up and down, yet the “holy symbol” on the girl’s head prevent them from doing so.

The second factor is economics. Due to the current devastation in our economy, young men cannot get good jobs and so they tend to postpone getting married. Mix unemployment with testosterone and you get male sex bombs.

Monday, June 27, 2005

Demonstrations Move to Church

A demonstration will be held next Wednesday at the Virgin Mary Church in Cairo. I find this to be a positive move since a demonstration was held at an imporant mosque before.

The Virgin Mary Church is a very significant church among the Christian community because they believe that Mary appeared on the roof of the church more than 30 years ago. I remember my mom telling me that when the news broke out, thousands of Muslims and Christians flocked to the church and waited for Mary to appear one more time.

The above poster reads: We are coming to you mother of the light. Wednesday, June 29 2005. In front of the Virgin Church at 6 pm.

Sunday, June 26, 2005

Australia, Australia

When Australian citizen Douglas Wood was kidnapped in Iraq, the Australian government sent its top Sunni Muslim Sheikh in order to negotiate with the kidnappers and his fellow Sunni sheikhs in Iraq. When Iraqi Special Forces conducted a raid that released Wood, the Egyptian born Australian shiekh was angry for reasons that I don't understand until this very hour. First he said that the raid risked the lives of 2 Iraqi hostages (as if the guy does care about them), then he said that Wood would have been released anyway and so the raid was unnecessary.

Iraqi blogger Hammorabi wrote something that forced my jaws to drop open and my tongue to dangle out. He wrote that he heard the Grand sheikh of Australia telling Al Jazeera that "the Mujahdeen asked for 25 millions but because he will carry their logical and reasonable demands to the world they agreed to free him." The guy called the kidnappers "Mujahdeen"!!!! And who is this guy?? The grand sheikh of Australia. Of what? Australia. I cannot hear you. A U S T R A L I A!!!!!

I have been saying over and over and over again that what western countries consider as mainstream Muslim institutions and religious leaders are nothing but radical wahabi Saudi financed Muslim Brotherhood ideology affected entities who cannot work freely in their OWN Muslim countries and immigrate to the west in order to preach their ideology and get protected by the freedom of religion in Western countries. No wonder terrorists are recruiting suicide bombers from Europe, no wonder John Walker Lindh the San Francisco hippie turned taliban got radicalized in a California mosque.

I am not saying that all Islamic institutions and figures in the West are like that. Some of the world's most respected Islamic reformists live in the west. But the spread of Saudi Wahabi petrodollars in many of those institutions is very alarming.

Source: Hammorabi Blog

They're Baaaaaack!

The communists of Egypt are back! This picture was taken during a recent Kifaya demonstration. Wow, this is getting very interesting. I don't mind a communist comeback at all. We paid a lot, and I mean a lot, when Sadat fought them.

A Step Towards an Iranian Revolution?

In a very controversial presidential election, radical hardliner Ahmadinejad became the new president of Iran yesterday. To tell you the truth, I am happy the guy won. Let me tell you why.

First, AJ (his name is too long!!) won because of 3 reasons. One, the economic situation in Iran is dreadful. Unemployment is so high and AJ's focus on economics and his humble lifestyle (as compared to the millionaire Rafsanjani) resonated with poor rural voters. Two, the youth of Iran and the middle class are living in complete apathy towards the political situation there and it appears that the turnout was much lower in urban areas. Three, the mullahs illegally used the revolutionary guards and their feared militias to secure an AJ victory.

Now, ever since the youth of Iran brought Khatami to power, apathy started to contaminate the political veins of those youth who are the only ones capable of bringing the regime down. The youth were busy enjoying the few freedoms that Khatami brought (nail polish, pop music, lax dress codes, etc) and they were busy searching for jobs and getting stoned on mountains around Tehran. The protests of the late 90s seemed to be something of the past. I am hoping that AJ and his radical way of governing will shake the people up again. Even one of Iran's most popular bloggers Hossein Derakhsshan who himself is against radical instant regime change seems to agree with me when he wrote:

One good thing about an Ahmadinejad term could be that it would end the apathy among the youth born after the Iran-Iraq war. They are the best thing that could happen to the regime of Iran, for they have never struggled for their rights and ambitions. They are absolutely satisfied with what the regime provides them with, be it cheesy Iranian pop music, or wheat alcohol.

I know that what I am saying sounds cruel and inhumane. In fact, who am I to say that the Iranian people have to endure the rule of a hardliner so that they might rise up and usher in another people revolution? However, I just cannot help but think that way even though I know that I would have voted for Rafsanjani to avoid an AJ term if I were an Iranian. Let us hope that, as Hossein said above, we'll see this one good thing in Ahmadinejad's Iran.

Update: Iranian exiles tend to agree with my assesment.

Who would blow up a dusty synagogue?

I was walking today in downtown Cairo when I came across an old synagogue that was once used to serve Cairo's vibrant Jewish community. The synagogue looked dusty and tattered by age just like many beautiful things in Egypt. The one thing that really caught my attention was the presence of at least 10 policemen with their cars in front of the building. They set up a cordon so that no one would pass right in front of the synagogue. It just looked like as if the guards were in front of the central bank of Egypt.

Who would want to bomb such an old synagogue that is not frequented on a constant basis?! And who is the idiot who would damage something that belongs to Egypt's history. Well, it didn't take long for an answer to hit my mind: the sky is the limit with terrorists. If someone can convince another person to blow himself up in the middle of a group of Iraqi civilians, then someone else can convince the same kind of person to blow up an old empty Cairo synagogue.

Friday, June 24, 2005

Big Pharaoh in Al-Hayat

This blog was mentioned 2 times in Al-Hayat newspaper, one of the most popular pan-Arab papers in the region. The author, Jihad Al Khazen was investigating Arab blogs in a 6 parts series of editorials. He also mentioned other Egyptian and Arab blogs. Up till now, this blog appeared in Al Hayat for 3 times.

The author talked about my interview with the BBC radio and he stated that I was " neat in my speech but without mentioning my name". He mentioned how I told the interviewer that I wished the return of Egypt's "golden age" before the arrival of Nasser in 1952.

In his second editorial, Al Khazen wrote that this blog is "the most popular Egyptian blog". I am not sure if this is true, but I do think this blog is among the most popular Egyptian blog that are written in English. He goes on to say that an American blogger (he didn't say who) mentioned that this blog is "the best special voice coming from the Middle East" (blushes). I am not sure if I do deserve this title anyway.

If you can read Arabic, you can find the 2 articles here and here.

Thursday, June 23, 2005

Today we have a guest.

What’s happening in Egypt?!
By: Maram Mazen

For the first time SOMETHING is finally happening in Egypt, after 50 years of political stillness since the 1952 coup d’etat (which Arab nationalists would call it the 1952 revolution) which ousted King Farouk and the British army from Egypt. Since then every president has ruled for life: Gamal Abdul Nasser, Anwar El Sadat and of course the current president Hosni Mubarak who stayed already in power for 24 whole years, and wants to extend it with another 6 years term, so he wants a total of 30 years in power. Until now he is the third longest serving president after King Ramses II and Mohammed Ali Pasha. And then his son Gamal wants to become president in succession to his father.
Presidents in Egypt reach power by a single candidate referendum chosen by the parliament which is dominated by the ruling party, and there was supposed to be a referendum next September on Mr. Mubarak but this time it’s different.
The opposition is finally speaking out, there are demonstrations almost everyday, new pro-democracy movements are founded, independent opposition newspapers are breaking taboos all the time… and that all started from the end of last year.
The opposition demands are OLD, patriotic and entirely an internal issue but I believe that after 9/11 the US shifted from supporting these suppressive regimes to supporting reformers, because they (the regimes) are the main source of extremism and so the Iraq war has caused an earthquake in the entire middle east, the Egyptians were in a state of shock seeing the statue of Saddam Hussein getting kicked by shoes of ordinary Iraqis. Alongside high unemployment rates, poverty and generally extremely harsh economic and social conditions.
Egyptians are fed up, and suddenly different movements with different ideologies and fields are all working to building a better Egypt or at least to stop the deterioration, where the “kefaya” (Egyptian for enough) movement held the 1st demo last December, and since then demos are spreading to other movements and increasing in number. They are usually peaceful, but surrounded by anti-riot police outnumbering the demonstrators, preventing passers by from joining the demo. But on Wednesday June 22nd, in Shobra Street, for the first time, there were no security at all at the site which allowed passers by to join the demo and allowed the demo to walk in the streets for two hours. On our way there we met some activists in the underground station, we sang the Kefaya anthem “Enough Enough Enough, we’ve reached the end” in “Rod el Farag” station, and it felt I was in Ukraine for a while.

But kefaya doesn’t present itself as an alternative to the regime, who does for an example is the liberal El Ghad (Tomorrow) party, the most daring and active party politically and in the streets and which already wrote an alternative new constitution and presents itself as an alternative to the NDP (national democratic party). But that wasn’t accepted, so Dr. Ayman Nour a parliament member for the last 10 years and the party president was arrested for a fabricated law suit that charged him with forging legal powers of attorneys for his party’s establishment, but his true sin is that he acted like a real opposition parliament member. He is the most prominent and popular presidential candidate till now, but has a trial on June the 28th. The ruling will be decisive for Dr. Ayman Nour, El Ghad party and the whole spirit of freedom in Egypt.

So with leftists, islamists, liberals and arab nationalists putting so much pressure on the government, alongside US pressure for reform, I have no idea how the government will be able to escape from these legitimate demands!! We’re still in the beginning of the struggle for freedom, and I’m not really sure how things will turn out, but I’m a bit optimistic about a peaceful or at least not very violent transition because of the large and well respected sectors of the community joining the opposition movement like the judges and university professors.

The future is not clear but at least something started happening!

Maram Mazen is a member of El Ghad party and Kefaya movement. You can reach Maram at

Iraq Got an Ambassador

Egypt will send an ambassador to Baghdad for the first time since the fall of the Saddam regime. Almost all Arab countries did not send envoys lest they be seen as legitimizing the US "occupation". Iraqi official, Muwafak al-Rubaiie stated that he hopes other Arab nations will take the same action Egypt will take.

Something tells me that this move is the latest attempt by President Mubarak to improve damaged relations with the US and ease its pressure on him a little bit. Egypt has been heavily involved in the Gaza pullout thing and reining in Palestinian groups in an effort to achieve a peaceful Gaza pullout and to tell the US "hey, we're useful, so stop talking about democracy this much".

Well, if my government really wants to do something useful not just for the US but for the entire humanity, it could force Al Azhar (the world's most important Sunni university) to issue a simply yet clear-cut fatwa declaring that slaughtering Iraqis (a.k.a Muslims) is wrong and anyone who does that will go to hell. Very simple, very straightforward. The government could demand from its puppet, the Sheikh of Al Azhar, to cry out from his pulpit next Friday and declare that those who blow themselves up in order to kill Iraqi Shias, Iraqi policemen, and Sunnis who want to participate in Iraq's political life are infidels and on their way to hell. The government could also ask the Grand Sheikh to organize a huge anti-terror demonstration composed of fellow sheikhs denouncing the daily massacre of Iraqis. In addition, it won't harm at all if the government kindly asked its own media to stop calling mass murderers in Iraq as "resistance". This really gets on my nerves.

Source: Radio Sawa (Arabic)

Monday, June 20, 2005

I apologize I didn't take many pics when I was in Alex. It was a business trip and so I didn't have much time to wonder around much. I hope you enjoy these.


Saad Zaghloul square. Zaghloul was a very prominent nationalist leader and one of my heroes. More about him here.


Saad Saghloul square. Now, where is the McDonald's sign in this pic??


The new library of Alexandria


New library of Alexandria


Shisha. Or water pipe or hookah or hubble-bubble. I smoked this thing when we went to a cafe. I am not a smoker but its hard to resist ordering a Shisha when everyone else is doing so.


This is what I have been doing at night! hehehehe. Stella is Egypt's most popular beer and a personal favorite. These small fish are called "psaria". They're delicious and great with beer. You just pick up a psaria and eat the entire thing. The yellowish thing is fried squids. This pic was taken in a bar situated in a very dark alley in downtown Alex. You enter the bar and you find yourself in the midst of a huge lively throng of Egyptian and foreigners. The bar's name is El-Sheikh Ali. More about it here.

Sunday, June 19, 2005

No Palestine, No America

I’m back from Alexandria. Later, I’ll post a number of pics that I took there. I just want to tell you about a very interesting conversation I had with 2 shopkeepers.

I’m a bookworm. I tend to enter every bookstore I see and wonder around until I buy something. Well, I went inside a relatively small bookstore on a main road in Alex. I was greeted by 2 shopkeepers in their mid twenties. They started leading me to various books encouraging me to buy them and we later turned our discussion to politics and the current events in Egypt.

It appears that both of them spend a lot of their time reading books from the store especially when the shop owner is not around. Just like almost all Egypt’s youth, they voiced their anger and frustration at the current state of Egypt and how they were very encouraged that Egypt’s political arena started to witness some serious action. They had very positive attitudes towards the Kifaya movement and El Ghad party. Both were practicing Muslims who believe that religion is a personal issue and they voiced their distaste for Turkey’s secularism. They explained that they are attracted to America’s secularism, a system that integrates all religion within its parameters while everyone has the right to express his/her faith without intimidation.

We discussed a lot of topics. The coming elections, the Islamists, the internal and external pressure on the Egypt’s regime. I noticed something very interesting when our conversation ended after an hour and a half and I finally left the store. The almighty issue of Palestine and the perceived “horribleness” of the USA never got into our discussion. We didn’t discuss Palestine and Israel. We didn’t discuss the US. We talked about Egypt and only Egypt. This was so weird because any political discussion in Egypt will have to include Palestine and a number of cuss words directed towards the US.

I then remembered the “Good Morning Egypt” program (yea, it’s a copy of the American version) I saw when I woke up on that day. They had this university professor on who was babbling about Iraq and Palestine. On Iraq, he mentioned the official rhetoric adopted by Arab commentators: the US must offer a time table for withdrawal, the “resistance” is great and awesome, and US casualties are far more than what gets reported. Nothing on Iraqi casualties, nothing on head choppers. The entire political section of the program mentioned nothing about current Egyptian events. It seems that the media still thinks that by turning our attention to Palestine and Iraq, we will forget what is happening in our neighborhood. The conversation I had with these 2 shopkeepers proved that it might not work this time.

My prayer, my dream, and my hope is to find an organized and well financed political force composed of people as balanced and as open minded as those 2 poor shopkeepers. Only then will I accept a free ballot box with a wide embrace.

Thursday, June 16, 2005

Tomorrow I'll be here. Blogging resumes this Sunday.

Tuesday, June 14, 2005

Uncle Sam's Muslim Brotherhood

I couldn't stop laughing when I read Time's account of the Universal School in Bridgeview, Illinois. My fingers got swollen from typing the blog posts that foretold the changes I expect to occur in Egypt if the Muslim Brotherhood got powerful. Well, my torture is over now. If you want to know how a typical school will probably look like under a MB state, all what you need to do is visit Illinois! And in case you didn't know, Illinois is a state in the USA and not a rural village in southern Egypt.

Frankly speaking, I shouldn't be laughing really. I should be weeping because the Western mainstream media is telling the world that the only true faithful Muslims are those who wear the stupid cloth on their head (that was nonexistent 30 years ago) and separate boys and girls in schools. I should be weeping because Time magazine is showing us that only girls clad in black with no makeup on are the true Muslims who are struggling between their Islamic and their American identities. Meanwhile, those Muslims who disagree with the head veil, who think that Islam needs reform a la all major faiths, and who believe that we cannot live like our Muslim brethren did 1400 years ago are the "lesser Muslims" or the Muslims that are "out of the mainstream".

Well, actually, I shouldn't blame the western mainstream media. I should be blaming the fact that our Martin Luthers are persecuted and voiceless. They are so weak that their voices cannot be heard in the midst of the loud sound of Wahabism and MB ideology.

So, ladies and gentlemen, let me introduce you to a typical MB school in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...Ops I mean Bridgeview, Illinois


The girls remind me of schoolgirls in Tehran who have a similar uniform (which they resent). Girls at Universal School are required to wear the veil. Wow, making the veil compulsory in an Illinois school, ummmm, how interesting. Schools in EGYPT don't have such an "Islamic dress code" and girls who wear the veil do so voluntarily. So, here is something that Egypt beat the US in, yeeepppi!


Boys and girls are separated once they grow up a little bit. I am expecting mixed schools in Egypt to get banned if the Muslim Brotherhood got more influence politically. It seems they already realized their dream in the US.


Now this is a picture that would definitely piss Nadz off. Nadz, if you're reading this please shout out.

Sunday, June 12, 2005

What do you really enjoy or are proud of about Egypt?

The thing I am really proud of is Egypt’s rich history. Besides the wonders of the ancient Egyptian civilization, Egypt was central during the Greek and the Roman era. The Egyptian church played a crucial rule during the early church history and the country’s significance was also apparent during the Islamic era. I don’t think there is any country that was so significant throughout the ages.
The thing I like the most about Egyptians is their ease of making friends with anyone. All what you have to do in order to get along well with us is to smile, its amazing what an Egyptian can do for you if he knew that you like and respect him/her.

I've heard that tourism is Egypt's number one industry. With all the terrorism problems in the mid-east, has the number of tourists, especially American ones, decreased in Egypt?

Tourism in Egypt got two serious blows, the 1997 terrorist attack in Luxour and 911. However, I read that last year’s number of tourists was encouraging. Most tourists come Europe and the Arab world. Americans do visit Egypt but at lesser numbers. There is however a good American community living in Cairo. They are embassy employees, employees of American companies, and teachers at the American schools and the American University in Cairo.

Why the term ''secular'', i.e. separation of religion and politics, considered in some circles in Egypt an offensive term?

The word secular is always related to events in Turkey. The majority of Egyptians are against banning the veil in public schools and government institutions and very few will like to see a Turkish replica in Egypt. In addition, many understand that secularism means “eliminating religion” and this of course is not acceptable because of the belief that “Islam is a religion and a state”. Also, secularism is regarded as a way that leads to promiscuity and sin. Secularism bans religion, and when religion is eliminated, sin and vice prevails a la Europe and the West in general. You get the idea? Secularism might have been well received by the Egyptians of 1940 but not by the Egyptians of today.

What's the opinion of Turks in Egypt? The Ottoman Empire?

We had a very bad experience with Ottoman and Turkish rule. This period is not viewed at positively.

What do you think about the role of Egypt in the arab world?

Strategic despite the attempts of several other Arab nations to take its place. It has always been said that Saudi is significant because of its religious clout and Egypt is important as a result of its political and cultural weight. This is the reason why the eyes of the world (especially the US) is on Egypt.

What kind of tree planting and/or ecological recovery programs are going on to reduce 'Sahara-facation'?

I don’t know much about this subject.

When you first started your blog, you stated up front that you were Pro-US, but very few other Egyptians are. With elections/new Govt in Iraq, and far less violence in Palistine, has the image if the US improved at all?

No, but there is a small development I sensed and will write about it later. Events in Iraq nowadays receive very light media coverage and so the people do not care much anymore about what is going on there. Why doesn’t the media and “our intellectuals” care very much about Iraqis being killed daily in the most gruesome manners? Well, they are pathetic hypocrites, period.

Where do I find a good guide?

I love the Lonely Planet guides. Also try visiting websites like the Visit Egypt link on my blog.

You've said you don't want quick democracy in Egypt for fear that the Muslim extremist groups would win decisively. ... As I understand it, exactly this has happened in Palestine and in Lebanon. I guess it is too early to say what the result is. If it turns out that this is not so bad, would you back away and more strongly support totally free elections in Egypt?

Let us discuss the 2 countries you mentioned. Lebanon is a mosaic of different sects and political forces. It is far more open than Egypt despite the presence of the Syrian occupation. The only sect that is under the spell of the Islamists is the Shia sect. The Sunnis follow the relatively secular Hariri clan and the country has a sizable Christian population. So you can have free elections there while there is a smile on your face.

As for Palestine, the elections there were momentous and a good first step, but let us not give things more than what they deserve. Democracy is much more than a ballot box. Is there transparency in Palestine, civil society, reduction in honor killings, reduction in police covering these honor killings, reduction in the public assassination of “Israel’s collaborators” by anyone who owns a gun, etc, etc? And lets not forget that the elections caused panic in Israel and the Palestinian Authority due to the rise of Hamas in Gaza. There are talks now to postpone the coming elections.

Frankly speaking, I consider the situation in Palestine less serious than Egypt. In Palestine there are two main factions, the Islamists (Hamas and Jihad) and the relatively secular Fatah. Even if people are angry at Fatah’s corruption and dictatorship, they still esteem its history of struggle for the Palestinian cause.

Do you think the mood of the Egytian people will change as Iraq becomes more peaceful and they are allowed to enjoy their freedom?

I hope so.

Do Coptic and Muslim people in Egypt mingle easily or is there a deep devision appearing between the two groups?

Of course they mingle between each other. In America, whites, blacks, Asians, etc mingle with each other. However, the social harmony between the two groups is so bad and I believe is getting worse. I thought that wasn’t the case when I was cocooned in my university surrounded by upper class Muslim and Christian friends. When I came out to the real world, I discovered the harsh reality. Tensions and fear of the “other” exist between the two communities especially in the low middle and lower class strata. The Christians are very disenfranchised whether in government jobs or the soccer league. This is so strange for a country that had a Jewish finance minister back in the 30s. I blame 2 factors for this. One, the rise of political Islam in the 70s. When Muslims get radical, Christians get radical too and stick together in their flocks. Second, people are getting religious. Religion can fill you with love and tolerance, but it can also fill you with hate and intolerance. It depends really on who you rely upon for getting your “religious teachings”. I am not saying that civil war will start tomorrow, but I simply don’t like what I’m seeing.

I'm very curious of the political role that women will play in the coming elections. It seems unlikely women would vote for some of the more radical groups such as the Muslim Brotherhood. Who will the women vote for?

Actually, you cannot predict how the women vote will be because nobody votes in Egypt! The vast majority do not own a voting card and they’ve never seen a polling station. My guess is that traditional women will vote according to what their husbands will tell them. Ambitious women in the workforce might not like the MB that much.

Do you think most Muslims want to see Judaism, Christianity, and other religions destroyed, or do you think that the average Muslim feels that people of other religions can be tolerated without forcing them to pay a special tax? If this question is too broad, then just explain what you believe most Muslim Egyptians think regarding other religions.

No, Muslims do not want other religions destroyed. The special tax issue is long forgotten and nobody really thinks such a system can be applied anymore.

If you could take any possible vacation, as any possible tourist, speaking any possible language, and with unlimited time and money .... where would you go and what would you do?

California!! I would rent a car and travel all around it. I’d also go to Las Vegas in Nevada. I loved Cali when I visited it in 1999. I was staying in Anaheim right behind Disney Land. So if anyone is from Cali, please say a big “I love you” from me to Laguna Beach!

My second choice would be Paris. I adore this city. I’ve been there for 5 times and I can continue till I reach the 100.

What do you think of Ahmed Zuwail's running for presidency?And would you vote for him? What are his chances?

This issue is not confirmed yet, but I believe Nobel prize winner Ahmed Zuwail would make an excellent candidate. I am not sure if he can win or that he has the credentials of a politician, but he would definitely rock some boats here. The reason I’d love to see him run is to show that you don’t have to be a crazy military dictator or a lunatic backward Islamist radical for you to become the president of Egypt. And I might think of voting for him.

How is the standard of living for the regular guy on the street? Does he have access to the internet? Does he have the ability to vote freely? Does he have the ability to be a canidate? Does he care about democracy?

There is a different between urban and rural areas as far as standard of living is concerned. Those in urban area tend to be richer. However, the majority of Egyptians would be considered as “poor” by international standards. Those with access to the internet live in main cities and their number is small when you take the entire population into consideration.

What do the citizens think of joint military exercises held for months, like Operation Bright Star? Does the average man on the street know these are going on?

It gets reported in the government media but nobody really pays attention.

do you know anything about The Muslim Association of Britain? I think it is linked to the Muslim Brotherhood. Some people here say it is a moderate group, others that it is very conservative. I just wondered if you knew anything about it?

You are right. Unfortunately, many of the “Islamic” advocacy groups in the West were initiated by MB members who immigrated to the US and Europe to escape the persecution in their own countries. I once visited the books section of an American Muslim youth organization’s website and my mouth dropped when I saw the books they listed. Books by MB founder Hassan al-Banna and MB ideologue Sayyed Qutb were there. These are books that would make me feel very worried if I had a son who started sticking his nose into them. I remember saying “wow, Sayyed Qutb on an American website, very interesting!”. In addition to all that, Saudi Wahabi money goes to thousands of mosques and religious institutions across Europe and the US.

Fortunately, a number of Muslims in the west who do not adhere to the MB and/or the Wahabi ideology started to form their own groups. But their voices are so weak when compared to the other entities that were established long time ago.

Saturday, June 11, 2005

Here is a country that is in almost the same position as Egypt. A very weak secular opposition that does not have enough grassroots influence and a powerful Islamist opposition that has a big network of support across the country. The ruthless Syrian dictatorship, like its Egyptian counterpart, suppressed all forms of dissent and literally squashed the secularists. They also squashed the Islamists but those guys live and duplicate in thousands of mosques and religious based institutions. Secularists/progressives do not have the luxury of utilizing mosques and invoking religion in everything they do. This is the dilemma. My only hope is that in the coming years, secularists/progressives will begin to spread on a grassroots level to at least offer a counter to the Islamists or to simply water down their sh*t, to make it a little bit diluted like diarrhea and not bulky hard faeces. Do you guys know what I am talking about here?

Thursday, June 09, 2005

Sorry but I just can't help but comment on this.

So let us see what we have here. Israeli soldier enters prison cell, he tears the Quran, and then the Palestinian prisoner tells him "excuse me Moshe, just lay the Quran down so that I can take pics of it with my cell phone and send them to Jihad headquarters so that we can creat another Quran into the Gitmo super toilet story" . And are prisoners allowed to have cell phones inside their cells? And if cell phones were available, do you think the Israeli guards will tear the Quran and leave it there inside the cell especially after the Newsweek thing.

Anyway, keep those questions coming.

Q& A

Let us have a Q&A session. We haven't done that for a while. You are invited to send me your questions via email or the comments column. You can send any question related to politics, current events, Egypt, etc. I'll answer as many as possible and I don't promise that I'll have all the answers. Please no very personal questions though! Also, if you decided to use email, please write the word "Question" in the subject of your mail.

Update: I got tens of very interesting questions. I stopped receiving questions. Thanks for all those who sent questions and I'll post my answers as soon as possible.

Wednesday, June 08, 2005

The One Way Ticket

You’re a Christian, you just finished reading The Idiot’s Guide to Understanding Buddhism and you decided to become a Buddhist. You later join Richard Gere on a recreational tour in Tibet. After a while you become disillusioned with your new faith and decide to become a Christian again. Is this story possible? I believe the answer is yes. Well, it’ll be an impossibility if you’re an Egyptian in Egypt.

If you’re an Egyptian Christian who decided to become a Muslim for whatever reason, all what you have to do is inform the civil authorities and have your ID changed (our religions are mentioned in our ID). All good, all sound. A problem will arise if you decided to return to your former faith. The Egyptian constitution states that religious freedom is guaranteed and that Egypt is a signatory of the universal declaration of human rights that calls for the freedom to covert to any religion and the freedom to declare it publicly. However, Article 2 of the same constitution mentions that Islamic Law (unreformed Islamic law to be specific) is the main source of legislation in the country*. This entails that anyone who converts out of Islam should be subject to apostasy law that calls for his/her death.

I just read in a weekly newspaper that there are 42 known cases of former Christians who want to return to Christianity. The civil authorities refused to change their ID and so they sued the ministry of interior in court. The court issued a ruling in favor of a number of them asking the civil authorities to respect their choice and change their ID from “Muslim” to “Christian”. What made me laugh was that an attorney, probably a Muslim Brotherhood member, raised a case to annul the court’s decision! He cited that the decision contradicts with Article 2 of the constitution that should supersedes the other articles and the universal declaration of human rights. The government controlled religious establishment said that anyone who converts out of Islam is subject to apostasy law, however, nowadays the courts handle such issues! The weekly newspaper’s article lacked a lot of information as to what happened to the 42 persons or to those who had a favorable court ruling. This issue is very controversial here and I suspect that the paper didn’t want to get deeply involved into it.

So here the poor person is squashed between the civil authorities, the court that might or might not rule for his/her favor, and the attorney watchdogs who pop up and raise cases in higher courts to challenge any court decision they deem as unislamic. Here we’re talking about former Christians who want to return to Christianity. Muslims who were born as Muslim and wish to convert to Christianity are a completely different case! The whole point of this post is this: you cannot have full economic and political reform without religious reform. Reform that would make Islamic law compatible with the year 2005 and not 1005.

* President Anwar Sadat added this closure in the constitution in order to appease the Muslim Brotherhood and other Islamists so that he can use them in countering the communists and the remnants of the Nasser era.

My new name is BP, Big Pharaoh and not the oil company! GM is gone.

Chech out Egyptian Person, new Egyptian blogger writing in English.

Monday, June 06, 2005

My friend just came from Iran

I bumped into an old friend yesterday. Well, I won't call him a close friend because he leads such a lousy lifestyle. Anyway, he informed me that he just came back from the Islamic Republic of Iran.

"What the hell were you doing there man, you turned into a Shia?" I asked laughingly.

"No, I went there on a business trip. We had a meeting with a number of Iranian businessmen who are going to import our products. My American colleague John (not his real name) came with me. Man, I was scared to death before going there. I mean here I am an Egyptian guy accompanied by an American on a trip to Iran. You sure know that relations between Egypt and Iran are not so good, not to mention the US!! I was also afraid lest I break some religious rule and regret it! Or we get arrested because of John" he said.

"So, tell me about it" I asked.

"Well, I stayed there for 5 days. I got drunk in the first 3! Man, there ain't a house or an office I entered that didn't have a mini bar in it full of smuggled booze from Smirnoff vodka to Heineken beer! I was shocked. Everyone drinks there. Their private life is the complete opposite of what you see on the street. We went up a mountain with a group of Iranians and had all the fun there. When they knew that John was American, they were like flies around him. They took his email, phone number, and stuff" he said.

Axis of evil? What axis of evil? Get on your knees and pray that something happens in Iran guys.

Sunday, June 05, 2005

I didn’t want to write what you are going to read right now

I admit I thought countless times before writing today’s post. I signed in to Blogger twice only to sign off again. My hesitation was a result of me not wanting to “hang our very dirty clothes” in front of this blog readers. After much thought, I decided to post just to inform you of the humiliation many of us feel and what this “humiliation factor” can lead to.

Upon Laura Bush’s recent trip to Egypt, it was planned that she, along with her host Mrs. Mubarak, would visit a USAID funded school in Alexandria. One week before the scheduled visit, the tattered school was painted anew, tidied up, and the sewage system was fixed. The dirty roads around the school were cleaned up and trees were miraculously planted all around the area. A sign in English was written to welcome the 2 first ladies.

Nevertheless, the Alexandria education officials didn’t like how the Om el Qura school kids looked like! The girls were poor and wore dirty school uniforms. Instead of cleaning them out and distributing clean clothes that would have definitely drew a huge smile on their faces, the officials decided to replaced the kids with new kids brought from a language school! Not only that, they gave the entire school staff a one week leave! Can you imagine how humiliated the school kids and the teachers are feeling right now!

I believe that Mrs. Mubarak was not aware that she would take her guest to a fake school. I mean, the education officials would have done the same thing if it was only Mrs. Mubarak visiting the school. However, what happened highlights a very important issue which is the humiliation that our governments and leaders made so many of us feel.

Those who are poor and not well connected cannot escape humiliation in public hospitals, police stations, and the military establishment. When I went to check my military status at an army base, I saw firsthand how Egypt’s poor youth were being treated so harshly and without any atom of dignity by the army’s officials. I was spared from this treatment just because my former army general father was with me. This humiliation is one of the factors that make some so vulnerable to what a terrorist might preach to them. May be poverty and unemployment might not go away, but I don’t think it is that hard to teach government officials and employees that fellow citizens deserve to be treated humanely no matter how poor they are or how unclean and untidy their clothes might look.

Besides, I just don’t understand how a school that is funded by USAID can be so tattered and in such a bad shape. Does it really receive the funds or do they go into some pockets? And how come the US embassy here doesn’t check upon how Americans’ tax money is being spent? I have no clue!

Now, Mrs. Bush can do something that would turn the world upside down here. This might cause a huge diplomatic problem between the two countries but it will definitely help the US with some PR here. Mrs. Bush can say that she is not pleased with what happened and she demands that those who lied to her and Mrs. Mubarak be held accountable. She will then invite a delegation of 10 persons from the school, 5 teachers and 5 students, to go and visit the US in the summer. That would be something.

Friday, June 03, 2005

It seems that I got addicted to Flickr! I just want to post some pictures right now. Currently, I don't have photos I personally took and so I just surfed the internet for various pictures about Egypt. I hope you like them.


Largest Pyramid, Sphinx, and a camel. Note: I DO NOT ride a camel to work every morning! lol


helloooo. Wanna smoke?


The magnificent Red Sea.

e7 ramses II

Ancient Egyptian temple. Statue of King Ramses II.


"Hi, I'm an Egyptian mummy. How old are you? I am 5000 years old"


Ancient Egyptian mummified dog! That's great news, we can do what the ancient Egyptians did and have our pets with us forever.


Cairo at night.


Egypt's number 1 belly dancer, Dina!


King Farouk of Egypt (reigned 1937-1952). I always had this feeling that Egypt would have been in a much better position if he had stayed.

Thursday, June 02, 2005

The H factor one more time

Let us review the events across the Arab/Muslim world during the past 3 days:


Suicide bomber slaughter Shittes in their mosque


Suicide bomber slaughter Afghanis in a mosque who were attending the funeral of a moderate cleric who called for cooperation with the central government in Kabul.


39 Iraqis slaughtered today by terrorists. Among the dead were 4 children, 2 of them were a brother and his sister.


Prominent Anti-Syria journalist assasinated when a bomb exploded in his car.

No outrage across the Arab/Muslim world? No
No condemnation from Al Azhar? No
Qaradawi didn't go on Al Jazeerah to denounce suicide bombings whether they targetted Shittes in Iraq, Jews in Tel Aviv, or members of the Kambalo tribe in Kenya? No.
Islamist parties across the world didn't organize demonstrations? No.
Why? because of the H factor.
What is the H factor? H.Y.P.O.C.R.I.S.Y
Why do I keep writing about this over and over again? because blogging helps me pass steam and not do something stupid like throwing bags of sh*t on demonstrators protesting against a Newsweek story that turned out to be untrue.

El Ghad’s New Website

Ayman Noor’s El Ghad Party has a new website. It is very appealing yet still has some technical problems. The interesting part is that now El Ghad has its own radio station that beams via the website. I heard that Ayman Noor approached the government in order to get a license to start an FM radio but they simply told him “see ya”.

All Egypt’s media is government owned and controlled. The only 2 private FM radio stations are Negoom FM and Nile FM. Both are entertainment stations that literally changed how Egyptians view the radio as a medium of communication. Before those 2 stations, the radio was dull and boring. Today, almost every car that has a radio tunes in to Negoom FM (in Arabic) or Nile FM (in English). Both stations are owned by the media tycoon Emad Eddin Adeeb (our Robert Murdoch). Emad was the guy who did the 3 parts interview with President Mubarak and he is very close to the ruling establishment. No wonder the government trusted him with 2 FM stations!!

Now I am glad El Ghad is becoming tech savvy while trying to use every venue possible in order to reach people. I still believe however that Ayman Noor should seriously think about why a number of high profile party members left El Ghad. I also believe that the most effective way of reaching out to people and winning them over is by satisfying their basic needs.

Groups such as the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood, Hamas, and Hezbollah rely on a huge network of civil services infrastructure that directly serve the people and replace the government when it is absent. For example, one of the MB’s smartest moves is how they reach out to the disenfranchised college students who left their rural villages to go into Cairo’s universities. They provide them with housing, educational support, and of course the all mighty religious peppered with politics rhetoric. The result is that they win over the student who notices how the government is not supporting him as well as the student’s extended family back home.

The logic of all this is very simple: you cannot talk about freedom and ballot boxes to people with empty stomachs, diseases in their bodies, and other far more serious problems. I hope and pray that progressive/secular political parties such as El Ghad will start copying what those groups are doing. In nearly all developing countries, basic needs is what people are striving for. Help them satisfy those needs and you are most probably going to win them over. The logic is very simple, even Muqtada al Sadr understands it.

Wednesday, June 01, 2005

Flickr Rocks!!!

I just created a Flickr account. It rocks, it allows users to post multiple pictures in a single post by just copying and pasting the HTML. I found a number of old pics that I took but didn't find a chance to share them with you. I will definitely post more pictures in the future. Flickr's only problem is that it takes too long in order to process photos. Enjoy.


View of the magnificent sea coast of Alexandria. I took this picture last December at around 7 am in the morning. Walking or jogging along this coast is one of the things I really love to do. Alexandia is my favorite city.


The "Hantoor" in Alex. In the past, it was a major transportation. I love to sit at the "driver's seat" and drive the thing. The problem is I never manage to make the horse walk straight!


Adoora, my favorite fish restaurant in Alex.


View of Cairo from the top of Salah al-Din's citadel.


I woke up one morning and took a peek out of the window and saw some people were sunbathing and cuddling on the roof of my garage.

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